Boot loader/ru

From KolibriOS wiki
Revision as of 18:06, 20 January 2008 by Shurf (Talk | contribs)

Jump to: navigation, search

Бут сектор загрузки для FDD. Рассмотрим код и опишем логику работы.

<asm>;== boot program for Kolibri OS version 1.00 ==

January 2002
Copyright (C) Alex Nogueira Teixeira
E-Mail 
alexwal{dog_}siteplanet.com.br
Distributed under GPL, see file COPYING for details
equates for program
added support of config save
  lf  equ 0ah 
  cr  equ 0dh 
      
       pos_read_tmp       equ 0700h ;position for temporary read 
       boot_program       equ 07c00h ;position for boot code 
       seg_read_kernel    equ 01000h ;seguiment to kernel read 
      
       jmp start_program 
       nop 
           
   oemname            db 'KOLIBRI ' 
   bytespersector     dw 512 
   sectorspercluster  db 1 
   ressectors         dw 1 
   numcopiesfat       db 2 
   maxallocrootdir    dw 224 
   maxsectors         dw 2880 ;for 1.44 mbytes disk 
   mediadescriptor    db 0f0h ;fd = 2 sides 18 sectors 
   sectorsperfat      dw 9 
   sectorspertrack    dw 18 
   heads              dw 2 
   hiddensectors      dd 0 
   hugesectors        dd 0 ;if sectors > 65536 
   drivenumber        db 0 
                      db 0 
   bootsignature      db 029h ;extended boot signature 
   volumeid           dd 0 
   volumelabel        db 'KOLIBRI    ' 
   filesystemtype     db 'FAT12   ' 
    
    
   start_program: 
    
       xor ax,ax 
       mov ss,ax 
       mov sp,boot_program 
       push ss 
       pop ds 

       mov  si,loading+boot_program 
 loop_loading: 
       lodsb 
       or al,al 
       jz procura_arquivo_novamente 
       mov ah,0eh 
       mov bx,07h 
       int 010h 
       jmp loop_loading 


 procura_arquivo_novamente: 

        push ss 
        pop es 

        mov  bp,16 
 newtry: 
  
        dec bp 
        jz  mensagem_erro_arquivo 
 
        mov ax,020eh ;read, 14 sectors for directory 
        mov bx,pos_read_tmp ;es:bx read position 
        mov cx,02h ;track 0, sector 2 
        mov dx,0100h ;head 1, drive 0 (a:) 
        call read_sector 
       ;  int 013h ;read sectors 
       ;  jc  newtry ; mensagem_erro_arquivo 
  
        mov si,bx 

 loop_compara_entrada_diretorio: 

         push si 
         mov cx,11 ;file name 
         mov di,arq_boot+boot_program 
         rep cmpsb 
         pop si 
         je le_arquivo_kernel 
         add si,32 
         cmp si,pos_read_tmp+(512*14) ;end of directory 
         jb loop_compara_entrada_diretorio 

 mensagem_erro_arquivo: 

         mov si,mens_erro+boot_program 

 loop_envio_mensagem: 

         lodsb 
         or al,al 
         jz espera_digitar_tecla 
         mov ah,0eh 
         mov bx,07h 
         int 010h 
         jmp loop_envio_mensagem 

 espera_digitar_tecla: 

         jmp $ ;зацикливание остановка пк.


 ;load kernel 

 le_arquivo_kernel: 

         mov bp,[si+01ah] 
         mov ax,0209h ;read, 9 sectors 
         mov bx,pos_read_tmp ;es:bx read position 
         mov cx,02h ;track 0, sector 2 
         xor dx,dx ;head 0, drive 0 (a:) 
         call read_sector 
       ;  int 013h  ;read sectorsv
         jc mensagem_erro_arquivo 
         mov ax,seg_read_kernel 
         mov es,ax 
         xor bx,bx 

 ; \begin{diamond}[02.12.2005] 
         mov     [cluster1st+boot_program], bp 
 ; \end{diamond}[02.12.2005] 

 ; read kernel to es:bx  

 loop_obtem_dados_kernel: 
         call le_setor_dados 
 jc mensagem_erro_arquivo 
 ;        add bx,0200h ;add one sector 

         push bx 
         mov bx,es 
         add bx,0x20 
         mov es,bx 
         pop bx 

         mov di,bp 
         shr di,01h 
         pushf 
         add di,bp 
         add di,pos_read_tmp 
         mov ax,[di] 
         popf 
         jc desloca_4_direita 
         and ax,0fffh 
         jmp verifica_fim_setores 
 desloca_4_direita: 
         mov cl,4 
         shr ax,cl 
 verifica_fim_setores: 
         cmp ax,0ff8h 
         jae executa_kernel 
         mov bp,ax 
         jmp loop_obtem_dados_kernel 

 executa_kernel: 
 ; \begin{diamond}[02.12.2005] 
         mov     ax, 'KL' 
         push    0 
         pop     ds 
         mov     si, loader_block+boot_program 
 ; \end{diamond}[02.12.2005] 
         push word seg_read_kernel 
         push word 00h 
         retf 


 le_setor_dados: ;es:bx -> position in read buffer 

 ;bp -> logical sector to read 
 ;carry <- 0 read OK 
 ;carry <- 1 read error 
         push bx 
         mov ax,0e2eh ;decimal point 
         xor bh,bh 
         int 010h 
         pop bx 
         mov ax,bp ;data sector to read 
 writesec: 
         add ax,31 ;get logical sector 
         mov cx,36 ;sector/track 
         xor dx,dx 
         div cx 
         mov ch,al ;track transfer 
         xor dh,dh ;head 0 
         cmp dl,18 
         jb cabeca_correta 
         sub dl,18 
         inc dh ;head 1 
 cabeca_correta: 
         inc dl 
         mov cl,dl 
         xor dl,dl ;drive 0 (a:) 
 patchhere: 
         mov ax,0201h ;read 1 sector 
         call read_sector 
      ;  int 013h 
         retn 

 read_sector: 

         push bp 
         mov  bp,20 
 newread: 
         dec  bp 
         jz   mensagem_erro_arquivo 
         push ax bx cx dx 
         int  0x13 
         pop  dx cx bx ax 
         jc   newread 
         pop  bp 
         retn 

 loading   db 13,10,'Starting system ',00h 
 mens_erro: 
         db 13,10 
 arq_boot: 
         db 'KERNEL  MNT ?',cr,lf,00h 
 errors    db 16 

 ; \begin{diamond}[02.12.2005] 
 write1st: 
         push    cs 
         pop     ds 
         mov     byte [patchhere+2+boot_program], 3 
         mov     ax, [cluster1st+boot_program] 
         push    1000h 
         pop     es 
         xor     bx, bx 
         call    writesec 
         mov     byte [patchhere+2+boot_program], 2 
         retf 

 cluster1st dw ? 

 loader_block: 
       db      1 
       dw      0 
       dw      write1st+boot_program 
       dw      0 
 ; \end{diamond}[02.12.2005] 


 times 0x1fe-$ db 00h 

 db 55h,0aah ;boot signature</asm>